Joint Implementation Country Study
The Kyoto Protocol allows the countries that have committed themselves to emission targets (Annex I countries) to fulfil their emission reduction commitments through the so-called Flexible Mechanisms, i.e. carry out abatement projects in other Annex I countries through Joint Implementation (JI), in non-Annex countries through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) or emissions trading. Since many Annex I countries are about to implement most of their cheapest domestic emission reduction potentials, the mechanisms are gradually becoming more interesting to pursue. This report should provide a basis for the Swedish authorities to consider the prosects of using JI to comply with its Kyoto commitments, and to prepare negotiations with possible host countries for co-operation on JI projects. All East European countries considered in this study have some technical potential for Joint Implementation (JI) projects that would be competitive at the expected prices in a future carbon market (0-10USD/tonne CO2).;Improved district heating systems and collection and utilisation of landfill gas are options in all countries, but most projects are small. EU accession might reduce the JI landfill potential somewhat for the countries in question. Russia and Ukraine have large, cheap JI projects in most sectors.
This publication was published more than three years ago. Knowledge may have changed over time, please view our newer publications.